What Does Being Fat Really Mean?

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    Take control of your health and your life today.  I am concerned about the health of America and right now children are at a higher risk for many diseases today.  My topic yesterday was related to fat and today I want to discuss what does it mean to be fat b/c we really need to grasp this topic and change the direction we are headed as a society.

    It’s no secret that the U.S. is one of the fattest nations in the world: 66.3% of Americans over 20 years old are overweight or obese (about 140 million); 32% are obese (67 million); and almost 5% (9 million) are morbidly obese. Of adolescents 12 to 19 years old, over 17% are overweight (over 12.5 million), 16% of them girls, and 18.2%, boys. But what exactly do the terms “overweight,” “obese,” and “morbidly obese” mean, and why should these distinctions matter to you?

    The standard definitions as used by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), and the World Health Organization (WHO) (and most social science and medical journals that rely on the data from those organizations) are based on body mass index (BMI) levels. This is a calculation using your height and weight.

    Calculate your BMI

    • NIH method. If you prefer good ole American pounds and inches, multiply your weight (in pounds) by 704.5. Divide that by your height (in inches). Then divide that number again by your height (in inches): [(weight (lbs) x 704.5)/height (inches)/height (inches)].

    Which group are you in?

    • Normal weight. BMI of 18.5 to 24.9
      • Nonsmokers in this range have the lowest risk of disease and premature death.
    • Overweight. BMI of 25 or more
      • This group has an increased risk of weight-related medical problems, including diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.
    • Obese. BMI of 30 or more (at least 30 pounds overweight)
      • 67 million Americans (32% of adults)
      • Women: 36 million (33%)
      • Men: 32 million (31%)
      • The number of obese American adults doubled in the last 20 years.
      • Weight-related medical problems increase sharply for this group: type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, breast and colon cancer, gall bladder disease, high blood pressure (twice as common as for people at a healthy weight), stroke, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, etc.
      • This group has a 50% to 100% increased risk of premature death from all causes.
    • Morbidly obese. BMI of 40 or more (typically about 100 pounds overweight)
      • 9 million Americans (almost 5%)
      • The number of morbidly obese American adults quadrupled in the last 20 years.
      • People in this group have an increased risk for a shorter life expectancy (it could be up to 20 years shorter): death from diabetes or heart attack is 5 to 7 times greater than for non-obese people—heart disease is 6 times more common, and diabetes is 10 times more common.

    Your BMI is so easy to determine, and because most of the research on the medical risks stemming from obesity is based on BMI data, your body mass index is a number worth knowing.

    Reverse the trend!

    If you’re reading this, chances are you are concerned about your health and are on your way to a long-term healthy and fit lifestyle. Good for you! And if right now you happen to be one of the 140 million Americans who are considered overweight or obese, just keep exercising—Keep Pushing Play—and keep eating right, and here’s what you can look forward to:

    • Lowering your risk of heart disease or stroke by losing just 5% to 15% of your weight
    • Lowering your risk of type 2 diabetes (losing 10 to 15 pounds is enough for most people, according to the American Diabetes Association)
    • A 10% decrease in total cholesterol and a 40% decrease in obesity-related cancers by losing 10% of your weight

    You can do amazing things when you’re committed.

    For more from Latwanas, read her personal blog and follow her on twitter

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